The incarceration of a parent may leave a young person with no safe and stable place to stay and in the physical custody of someone who is not their parent or guardian. These young people may be struggling with a variety of difficult emotions and questions about what has happened to their parent and what… Read more »
Identification (includes Veterans, Active Military, Parent Incarceration)
Research and data, including surveys of homeless and formerly homeless youths, indicate that experiencing homelessness can have significant negative impacts on children academically, socially, and emotionally. The Education for Homeless Children and Youths (EHCY) program, authorized under the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (McKinney-Vento Act), is designed to address the needs of homeless children and youths… Read more »
McKinney-Vento Law Into Practice Brief Series
Supporting the Education of Unaccompanied Homeless Students
Subtitle VII-B of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (reauthorized under Title X, Part C of the No Child Left Behind Act) guarantees rights and services for homeless students, including specific supports for unaccompanied homeless youth. This brief describes the challenges unaccompanied homeless youth face, explains key provisions of the McKinney-Vento Act, and suggests proven strategies from across the country for supporting the educational
success of this vulnerable population.
The McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (Subtitle B—Education for Homeless Children and Youth), reauthorized in January 2002, ensures educational rights and protections for children and youth experiencing homelessness. This brief explains the legislation and offers strategies for implementing it in a school district.
Best Practices in Homeless Education Brief Series
Determining Eligibility for Rights and Services Under the McKinney-Vento Act
The McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act defines “homeless children and youths” as “individuals who lack a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence.” However, because the circumstances of homelessness vary with each family’s or unaccompanied youth’s situation, determining the extent to which the family or youth fits the definition must occur on a case-by-case basis. Enrollment staff and/or the local homeless education liaison must gather and analyze information from the family or youth and make an appropriate determination of eligibility. Expeditious determination of eligibility and immediate school enrollment are critical to the child’s educational continuity.
This tool is designed to assist school and school district staff in applying the definition to individual children and youth to determine eligibility for rights and services under the McKinney-Vento Act.
McKinney-Vento Law into Practice Brief Series
Identifying Children and Youth in Homeless Situations
This brief explains the legislation and offers strategies for implementing it in a school district.
Checklist For Identifying Students Experiencing Homelessness
Subtitle VII-B of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (Title X, Part C of the No Child Left Behind Act) provides educational rights and services for children and youth experiencing homelessness. The Act requires every school district to designate a homeless liaison. The liaison’s duties include implementing the McKinney-Vento Act in the district, starting with identifying the children and youth experiencing homelessness.
Best Practices in Interagency Collaboration Brief Series
Supporting School Success for Homeless Children of Veterans and Military Service Members
According to research (Fargo et al, 2012) and federal data (U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development [HUD], 2015), veterans experience homelessness at a higher rate than nonveterans. Many veterans experience homelessness as individuals, while others experience homelessness with their families (2015), which may include schoolage children.
Safeguarding Children of Arrested Parents, by the INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF CHIEFS OF POLICE
June 12, 2013, Deputy Attorney General of the United States James M. Cole delivered remarks at the White House where he announced that “the International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP), with funding support from the Department of Justice (DOJ) is developing a model protocol and training on protecting the physical and emotional well-being of children when their parents are arrested.”
Under the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act, schools must identify children and youth in homeless situations and provide appropriate services. In complying with the immediate enrollment mandate, some school districts may be concerned that families or youth may claim falsely to be homeless in order to gain access to services for which they are not eligible or to gain enrollment in a school outside of their local attendance area.
Under the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act, schools must identify children and youth in homeless situations and provide appropriate services. One such service is immediate enrollment in school, even when students lack paperwork normally required for enrollment, such as school records, proof of guardianship, a birth certificate, immunization or other health records, and proof of residence. In complying with the immediate enrollment mandate, some school districts may be concerned that families or youth may claim falsely to be homeless in order to gain access to services for which they are not eligible or to gain enrollment in a school outside of their local attendance area.
Due to the stigma associated with homelessness, the vast majority of students seeking eligibility for services under McKinney-Vento does so in good faith and with good reason. If a question arises about a student’s eligibility, schools may wish to confirm the details of the student’s living situation. All such efforts must be grounded in sensitivity and respect, keeping the academic well-being and best interest of the student in the forefront. Using invasive or threatening techniques to confirm a student’s eligibility can humiliate families and youth and may place an already tenuous temporary living arrangement in jeopardy. This may destabilize the family or youth further and may create a barrier to the student’s enrollment, thereby violating the McKinney-Vento Act. Additionally, employing these techniques may violate the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA).
Services to homeless children are required by all Local Educational Agencies (LEAs) in the No Child Left Behind Act, and are primarily found under the requirements of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Education Assistance Act of 2001 (Title X, Part C No Child Left Behind Act) and under Title I. The minimal requirements for services to homeless children and youth from both of these sections of the law are included in this checklist. LEAs receiving Title I, Part A funds for any fiscal year must have a Homeless Education Plan with a description of the services the LEA will provide homeless children, including the services provided with funds reserved under Title I, Part A Sec. 1113.